This page last modified: 8 November 2014 (many changes starting from March 2014...)
The following units are listed as being under the overall command of the Master of the Foot (the numbers beside the names refer to Ingo Maier's numbering scheme):
12 Legiones palatinae:
98/9.021 Ioviani seniores
65 Auxilia palatina:
98/9.034 Cornuti seniores
32 Legiones comitatenses:
98/9.098 Menapii seniores
98/9.131 Legio Prima Alpina
This should make 127 units all-told, but the 65 units of auxilia palatina are problematic; for one thing, only 64 are given (except in the Froben edition, which has 65). The Atecotti iuniores Gallicani is not actually listed in the manuscripts, and was interpolated by Seeck (OC.V.218), because its shield pattern is clearly illustrated in the corresponding place (albeit as the Atecotti iuniores; it is only called the Atecotti iuniores Gallicani in the Magister Equitum's Gallic command list). See here for some commentary by Ingo Maier. Note also that Seeck listed (OC.V.163-165) three units, the Batavi seniores, Mattiaci seniores, and Mattiaci iuniores, for what appear to be just two units listed in the manuscripts, the Batavi matriciaci seniores and the Mattiaci iuniores (see page 20 of Ingo Maier's notes); Seeck was almost certainly right to do so, although he was not the first - the printed Froben edition (B), presumably edited by Rhenanus, also gives the Batavi seniores and the Mattiaci seniores (in as much as "right" refers to what the "original" Notitia compilation probably said, rather than what the copies that have come down to us actually do say).
Further, the Batavi iuniores in between the Invicti iuniores Britanniciani and the Exculcatores iuniores Britanniciani is not actually listed in any of the manuscripts, but its shield pattern and accompanying label is; I have inserted it above for easy reference. As a shield pattern labelled Batavi is depicted in the correct place for the actually-listed Batavi iuniores, that labelled Batavi iuniores would seem to correspond to another unit. That its full name was the Batavi iuniores Britones is not beyond the realm of possibility; see my discussion here.
Note that Seeck (OC.V.241) bracketed the Legio Secunda Britannica siue Secundani to read as the plain Secunda Britannica; likewise the Tertiani siue tertia italica has the "Tertiani siue" portion bracketed for deletion (OC.V.237); and he also bracketed (OC.V.252) the Flavia victrix Constantina id est Constantici as just the Flavia victrix Constantina. The Praesidienses also appear as the Praesichantes in the manuscripts, but that is clearly a copying error (the letter forms look much more similar in medieval writing than in modern print fonts). The Brachiati was also amended (OC.V.196) to Brachiati iuniores by Seeck; no doubt to match the Brachiati iuniores appearing in the Magister Equitum's Gallic listd, despite their relative list positions being somewhat inconsistent.
It should be noted that there seems to be a mismatch between the shield patterns and the names accompanying them starting from the problematic Mat(t)iaci. It is apparent that the shields labelled Matiaci and Ascarii seni(ores) are essentially identical. Either they have been accidentally duplicated, or belong to two related units. Duplication is easy for text, but barely conceivable for such an elaborate illustration. If the shield labelled Ascarii seni(ores) in fact belongs to the "missing" Mattiaci iuniores, then the shield patterns should be shifted along one position. This means the two Ascarii units have similar shields; the two Leones units similar shields, etc. See here for more details.
The Taurunenses, Antianenses, and Augustei are unassigned to any of the various officers; all three might be units drawn from the Dux Provinciae Pannoniae secundae ripariensis et Saviae.
The units' shield patterns are first illustrated below from top to bottom, left to right, in the order given above, using the Bodleian manuscript pictures, except that only one pattern is given for the (two) Mattiaci unit(s); the three contiguous units Exculcatores seniores, Sagittarii Tungri and Exculcatores iuniores are not illustrated; and "the" Brachiati also has no pattern so-labelled illustrated.
Below are the corresponding pictures from the Paris manuscript:
Below are the corresponding pictures from the Munich manuscript: each respective page from the first portion first, then the second. Note that the pattern for the Mattiarii iuniores is missing from M, and that O has had to have been amended to accommodate it (you can see the outlines for the previously intended layout of the shields through the current ones).
Below are the corresponding pictures from the Froben edition:
And below are the two surviving pages from the Frankfurt fragment:
Return to the Notitia index page.