The Tertiani

This page created 19 July 2014, and last modified: 19 July 2014


One of the units of legiones comitatenses in the Magister Peditum's infantry roster is listed as the Tertiani siue tertia italica, i.e. the Tertiani or Tertia Italica; it is assigned to the command of the Comes Illyricum under the shorter name. Its shield pattern in various manuscripts is as shown below:

Shield patterns

Disclaimer: remember, I'm not an expert in the field of Notitia studies, so take my comments with a grain of salt...

The pattern shows a green boss (faded to yellow in M) encircled by a yellow band. The main field is red, as is the rim; they are separated by a green band (yellow in M), except in B, where it is so much thicker than in the other illustrations it looks like the shield's main colour.

The unit, whose short name in Seeck's edition is is bizarrely bracketed for deletion, is clearly derived from a detachment of Legio III Italica, which was raised by Aurelius in the 2nd century, and its main base was Castra Regina (modern Regensburg) for most of its existence, although detachments are known to have served in many other places. In the Notitia, Legio III Italica is under the overall command of the Dux Raetiae, and split between 5 prefects stationed in various places in Raetia I & II.


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