This page created 25 June 2014, and last modified: 25 June 2014
The Propugnatores seniores is listed as one of the legiones comitatenses in the Magister Peditum's infantry roster; it is assigned to the Comes Hispenias. Its shield pattern as shown in various manuscripts is as below:
The shield patten is very simple, and features a yellow boss (white with a red centre in W), a red rim, and a green main field, at least in O and P; it is faded in M, maroon in W (faded indigo?), and white in B. As a result, it is similar to several other patterns in the Notitia, but most of all, that of the Minervii under the Magister Militum per Illyricum; indeed, the two appear identical for manuscripts O, P and M.
The name Propugnatores means "defenders" or "champions"; other units in the Notitia so-named are the Propugnatores iuniores, a legio comitatenses assigned to the Comes Illyricum; the Armigeri propugnatores iuniores, a legio palatina, assigned to the Comes Africae; and the Armigeri propugnatores seniores, another legio palatina assigned to the Comes Africae. When the Propognatores was split between seniores and iuniores divisions is unknown; the shield pattern of the seniores unit bears no resemblance to that of the iuniores.
The origins of the Propugnatores seniores are hard to discern, as the name gives no apparent clue as to their origin.
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