The Secundani Italiciani

This page created 29 June 2014, and last modified: 29 June 2014


The 12th of the legiones comitatenses units listed in the Magister Peditum's infantry roster is called the Secundani Italiciani; it is assigned to the Comes Africae. Its shield pattern as shown in various manuscripts, under (except for in the Bodleian manuscript, O) the plain label Secundani, is as below:

Shield patterns

Disclaimer: remember, I'm not an expert in the field of Notitia studies, so take my comments with a grain of salt...

The pattern has a white boss encircled with a red band; the main field is also white, and the rim is red. A cross-like motif decorates the main field: each arm of the cross is white, delineated with a border on each side; the each arm has a central row of three red dots (two in B); as a result, the pattern does not bear a strong resemblance to any other in the Notitia.

The unit's name clearly shows it to be a descendent of Legio II Italica, which was had been stationed at Lauriacum (modern Linz in Austria) since the second century, and where it is still recorded in the Notitia, under the Dux Pannoniae primae et Norici ripensis; other detachments of the same legion are also recorded as being stationed elsewhere in the province. Other detachments of this legion are likely to be the Lanciarii Lauriacenses, under the Comes Illyricum; the Secundani, under the Magister Militum per Illyricum; the Divitenses seniores, in the Magister Peditum's Italian command; and the Divitenses Gallicani, under the Magister Militum per Thracias.


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