This page last modified: 19 October 2014 (some links added)
The following units are listed as being under the overall command of the Master of the Horse (the numbers beside the names refer to Ingo Maier's numbering scheme):
10 Vexillationes palatinae: (see notes)
102/5.03 Comites seniores
32 Vexillationes comitatenses:
102/5.13 Equites armigeri
Note that there would appear to be only nine palatine units listed instead of the ten expected. It may well be that "Equites constantes Valentinianenses seniores" should be read as two different units: the Equites constantes and the Valentinianenses seniores. But the listing of an Equites constantes Valentinianenses iuniores under the Magister Peditum's Italian command leaves this in some doubt, which is probably why Seeck decided (rather inconsistently) to look for an alternative to make up the number: he interpolated (OC.VI.46) a unit called the Equites Brachiati iuniores between the Equites Brachiati seniores and the Equites Batavi seniores, as an Equites Brachiati iuniores is listed as being part of the Magister Equitum's Gallic command (a unit of this name is also found under the Magister Militum Praesentalis II). However, since there are only nine shields illustrated (no Equites Brachiati iuniores!), it may well be that the number "ten" is simply a mistake. Even if a tenth unit should be have been there, it could just as easily have been the Equites constantes Valentinianenses iuniores, presumably coming at the bottom of the list (see here, page 14, note 68 for some commentary by Ingo Maier).
The Comites iuniores is not assigned to any of the various officers and its name does not appear to be similar to any units from their commands that are missing from this list.
The Cuneus equitum promotorum, being at the bottom of the list, would appear to be a recent addition. It is not assigned to any of the officers of any of the field armies, but a number of detachments of the same name appear under the Dux Pannoniae secundae. The absence of its shield pattern would seem to confirm it is a late addition; the same would appear to be the case for the Equites sagittarii seniores immediately above it, which is quite possibly the unit of the same name listed under the Comes Tingitaniae, and therefore recently upgraded from a limitanei unit.
The units are illustrated below from top to bottom, left to right, in the order given above, using the Bodleian manuscript pictures, except for those noted above as missing.
Below are the corresponding pictures from the Paris manuscript:
Below are the corresponding pictures from the Munich manuscript: first portion on top; second portion below.
Below are the corresponding pictures from the Froben edition (note that that of the Equites Batavi seniores is missing):
Return to the Notitia index page.