The Equites sagittarii clibanarii

This page created 26 August 2014, and last modified: 26 August 2014


The Equites sagittarii clibanarii is listed as one of the vexillationes comitatenses in the Magister Equitum's cavalry roster; it is assigned to the Comes Africae as the Equites clibanarii. Its shield pattern as shown in various manuscripts, under the plain label Clibanarii, is as below:

Shield patterns

Disclaimer: remember, I'm not an expert in the field of Notitia studies, so take my comments with a grain of salt...

The shield pattern has a green rim (rather broad in the case of O, and faded to light yellow in M), a white boss (yellow in B) encircled by a blue band (faded to light yellow in M, and white in B), and a plain yellow main field. As such, the pattern's colour scheme is not particularly close to that of any other unit in the Notitia.

The name sagittarii implies (but does not establish) the unit was bow-armed; while clibanarii means something like "oven men", presumably alluding to the stuffy conditions clibanarii troopers had to endure due to their unusually comprehensive armour. The Equites sagittarii clibanarii is the only clibanarii unit in the Notitia stationed in the western half of the empire; in contrast, six are stationed in the east.


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